(2) Personal cleanliness, particularly washing the hands after each visit to
the latrine and before eating or otherwise handling foods.
Careful selection, inspection, and protection of food supplies.
(4) Strict supervision of the handling, preparing, cooking, and storing of
foods to include proper temperature control.
Sanitary disposal of human and other wastes.
(6) Effective fly and rodent control and the protection of foods against fly
Purification and protection of the water supply.
(NOTE: All water is to be considered dangerous unless it has been properly treated.
This is also true of ice from questionable sources.)
Avoidance of unapproved food and water sources.
c. Immunization. All military personnel are routinely immunized against typhoid
fever. Cholera immunization is required in geographical areas where the disease is
prevalent. Gamma globulin is sometimes administered to high-risk persons as
temporary protection against infectious hepatitis.
d. Reporting and Investigating Outbreaks. Cases of intestinal diseases
should be reported to the unit medical officer as soon as detected so that he may take
the necessary steps to investigate the cause and avert a possible epidemic.
Section V. ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASE
The term "arthropod" includes both true insects such as mosquitoes, wasps,
bees, flies, fleas, and lice and arachnids such as ticks, mites, chiggers, spiders, and
scorpions. Arthropods harm the health of humans by transmitting disease, by injecting
venom (stinging), by feeding on the host (blood-sucking), and by being an annoyance
(interfering with sleep or work). The principal arthropod-borne diseases include some of
the most common and most serious epidemics of mankind such as malaria, plague,
yellow fever, and typhus. These diseases can occur in most parts of the world, but are
more common in tropical regions. Uncontrolled, they can cripple large military forces
and have done so. Arthropods, diseases that they transmit, and control measures are
discussed in greater detail in Lesson 5.