(2) Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus is characterized by low serum
insulin levels due to an insulin deficiency.
Treatment consists of parenteral administration of insulin along with diet
b. Type II: Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.
(1) Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) is characterized by
onset after the age of 40, although it may occur in younger persons as well. Non-Insulin
Dependent Diabetes Mellitus is also known as "adult onset diabetes mellitus" (AODM).
Insulin production does not stop, but insulin levels may be low, normal,
Sixty to 90 percent of Type II diabetics are overweight or obese.
(4) Treatment consists of diet therapy, weight control measures, and the
Diabetes mellitus may be discovered during a physical examination when the
patient complains of any of the following symptoms:
a. Visual disturbances.
b. Weakness and fatigue.
c. Unexplained weight loss.
d. Recurrent infections.
e. Polyuria (excessive urination).
f. Polydipsia (excessive thirst).
g. Polyphagia (excessive eating).
h. Symptoms of peripheral vascular disease.
Diminished or absent pulses.
Skin that is thin and shiny.
Loss of hair on the dorsum of the foot.