c. Sources for manufactured dairy products may be listed in the United States
Department of Agriculture publication, "Dairy Plants Surveyed and Approved for USDA
Grading Service". This publication is on the World Wide Web at:
d. Other sources may be listed in VETCOM Circular 40-1. This document is
available on the World Wide Web to military food inspection personnel
e. Being listed in one of the directories above ensures that the establishment
providing dariry products to the military meets sanitary and manufacturing standards.
These standards are established by:
(1) The U.S. Public Health Service. The U.S. Public Health Service
publishes the Grade A Pasteurized Milk Ordinance (PMO), which regulates the
inspection of dairy farms and milk plants and the examination, labeling, pasteurization,
distribution, and sale of dairy products. This Grade "A" PMO is voluntary for use by
states but is required for plants shipping milk or fluid milk products in interstate
commerce. In addition, The U.S. Public Health Service publishes the "Sanitation
Compliance and Enforcement Ratings of Interstate Milk Shippers" (IMSL), which is a list
of those plants inspected by state inspectors using the PMO and having a compliance
rating of 90 or more.
(2) State and Local Health Agencies. Personnel of the state and local health
agencies, trained and certified by the U.S. Public Health Service, use the PMO to
perform the actual inspections.
(3) The USDA. The U.S. Department of Agriculture establishes grades for
manufactured products, such as dry milk, butter, and cheese. This department also
provides grading service and inspection service for establishments that process
manufactured dairy products. Establishments that have this grading and inspection
service are listed in "Dairy Plants Surveyed and Approved for USDA Grading Service"
published by the USDA.
(4) The Military Veterinary Service. Personnel of the military veterinary
service inspect those dairy plants that are not IMSL-listed or USDA-listed but that desire
to sell dairy products to the military. Those plants in CONUS inspected by the military
and approved for sanitation are listed in the "Directory of Sanitarily Approved Food
Establishments for Armed Forces Procurement."
(5) Special Case--Ice Cream. Ice cream plants must be inspected by the
military veterinary service because ice cream is not a Grade A dairy product and is not
rated under the IMSL. These plants may be listed in the Armed Forces Listing.
(6) Dairy Industry Standards. The dairy industry sets standards and
guidelines for its members to follow.