INSPECTION OF DAIRY PRODUCTS
Section I. INSPECTION PROCEDURES
2-1. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
a. Origin Inspector. The origin inspector is provided by the veterinary food
inspection activity that has responsibility for the geographical area in which the
contractor's production facility is located.
b. Destination Inspector. The destination inspector is provided by the military
food inspection activity (Army or Air Force) responsible for performing the inspection of
food at the point of acceptance by the government.
c. Characteristic. A characteristic is any requirement, specified or referenced,
or an adulterant, which may be evaluated by test or examination.
d. Fresh and Cultured Dairy Products. These dairy products are milk
products as defined by the United States Public Health Service Pasteurized Milk
Ordinance (USPHS-PMO), as amended. This includes cottage cheese, filled and
imitation milk products, yogurt mix, and aseptically processed and packaged milk. See
Lesson 1 for more detailed information.
e. Frozen Desserts. Frozen desserts are described in Lesson 1. They include
ice cream, ice milk, sherbet, mellorine, water ice, ice cream mix, ice milk mix, milk
shake mix, and other similar frozen desserts, including all frozen novelties.
f. Testing for Quality. Testing for quality refers to physical and chemical
determinations that are performed. For example, fat content, amount of
milk-solids-not-fat, total amount of solids, acidity, net weight (volume).
g. Testing for Wholesomeness. This type of testing refers to any specific test
that may be required by the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance (PMO), the specification, or the
contract. For example, standard plate count (SPC), coliform count (COLI), and yeast
and mold counts.
h. Type of Product. Type of product refers to a specific product processed in
one plant, regardless of the type or size of packaging. The number of contracts or the
number of delivery points are not relevant to type of product.
i. Line Item of Product. This refers to a type of product that is a specific
contract item, which is identified by number, package size, and unit price.